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A Collection of Instructive Problems

by Philippe Schnoebelen

1 - W. F. von Holzhausen
Akademische Schachblätter, 1901

[rk2K3/NPR5/88/1Q6/888] (solution)

5+2. Mate in 1


2 - T. R. Dawson
The Chess Amateur, Feb. 1927

[rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8888/PPPPPPPP/RNBQKBN1] (solution)

15+16. Black to play. Indicate a move Black must have played


3 - Bengt Giöbel
Polis-Tidningen 1/1, 1946
(I saw this in Problem och profiler)

[8/2N5/N7/8/2k5/8/PPPPPPPP/3K4] (solution)

11+1. Add a White Queen and then mate in 1
(a) Diagram; (b) Mirror position


4 - Raymond Smullyan
The Chess Mysteries of Sherlock Holmes, 1979
(After Mortensen)

[k1K5/88888/7P/6B1] (solution)

3+1. What did Black just play?


5 - Eric Angelini
Europe Echecs 433, Apr. 1995

[88/3r4/4K3/8/4kqpb/88] (solution)

1+5. Black to move. What did White just play?


6 - Ernest Clement Mortimer
Shortest Proof Games, 1991
Version by A. Frolkin

[rnbqkb1r/ppp2ppp/8888/PPPPPPPP/RNBQKB1R] (solution)

15+13. Position after Black's 4th move. How did the game go?


7 - G. Husserl
feenschach, 1986

[6KQ/8/6RK/88888] (solution)

4+0. Colour the pieces. (a) diagram; (b) Rg6 -> g7


8 - F. Amelung
Düna Zeitung, 1897

[7R/7p/5P1k/4PKpP/8888] (solution)

5+3. Mate in 2


9 - Samuel Loyd
Musical World, 1859

[r3k3/p1p5/Q3K3/88888] (solution)

2+4. Mate in 2


10 - Hugo August, Otto Brennert, Thomas R. Dawson, Niels Høeg and Valerian Onitiu
Skakbladet, 1924

[8888/P7/kP6/prP5/K7] (solution)

4+3. Last move?


11 - Armand Lapierre
Thèmes 64, Apr. 1959
4th Hon. Mention

[4k2r/p1p1p1p1/1p2P3/8/3R4/6P1/5P1P/R3K3] (solution)

7+7. Mate in 2


12 - Werner Keym
Die Schwalbe, 1979

[8888/3P4/PPk5/NN6/2K5] (solution)

6+1. Last move?


13 - W. Langstaff
The Chess Amateur, 1922

[4k2r/8/5B1P/3R1KpP/8888] (solution)

5+3. (RV) Mate in 2


14 - K. Fabel and W. Keym
Basler Nachrichten, 1967

[8/6P1/5QP1/5PPP/4BpPk/5P1p/4R2K/6BR] (solution)

13+3. Problem without words


15 - Raymond Smullyan
Manchester Guardian, 1957

[888/1r1b4/B7/88/3k4] (solution)

1+3. The White King is invisible. Where is he?


16 - T. Orban
Comm., Die Schwalbe 1976

[rnbqkbnr/pp3ppp/2p1p3/8/4P3/8/PPPP1PPP/RNBQK1NR] (solution)

15+15. Position after Black's 4th move. How did the game go?


17 - G. Husserl
Prize, Isreal Ring Tourney, 1966/71

[b1krn3/pp6/2qk1r2/88888] (solution)

0+9. Colour the pieces. Last move?


18 - J.-L. Turco
diagrammes 60, 01/1983

[r1bknbrN/pppppppp/8888/PPPPPPPP/nRBNKB1R] (solution)

15+15. Mate in 1


19 - Dr. Julio Sunyer
The Chess Amateur, 1923

[4k3/88/7K/8888] (solution)

1+1. Wh. and Bl. retract 1 move and helpmate in 1


20 - Leonid Borodatov
Krimskaja Pravda, 1970

[88888/6P1/3P2Pk/2KR3N] (solution)

6+1. What did Black just play?


21 - A. Frolkin and A. Kornilov
Rex Multiplex 6, Apr. 1983

[88888/2AAAB2/BBBBBBA1/A1CDEAA1] (solution)

17. Associate a different chess unit to each letter.
(b) Ag1 -> b1


22 - Nenad Petrovic
The Problemist, 1930

[8/pPpp2p1/QbB5/rb2P3/N1kPp3/K1nR2Pp/NPRPP2P/qrB5] (solution)

16+13. Who mates in 1?


23 - Luigi Ceriani
32 Personaggi e 1 Autore, 1955

[k7/Pp2p3/2p1Pp2/1Pp2rp1/N1P1PPP1/2pKRB2/2P1n1p1/5b2] (solution)

12+12. Black to move. Ortho-Reconstruction
(I.e. reach the same position with White to move in the shortest number of moves.)


24 - Michel Caillaud
diagrammes, 1979
Ded. G. Yacoubian

[r7/4k3/1p1b4/3p4/3p4/1Pp3pp/1PP3Pp/7K] (solution)

5+10. shc#15 (Consequent Series-Helpmate in 15 moves)


25 - Werner Keym
Die Schwalbe, 1979

[4nb1k/p1pppKpB/1p3pp1/88888] (solution)

2+11. Last move?


26 - N. Petrovic
Problem, 1954
1st/2nd Prize 4th Thematic Tourney

[6K1/7B/4Pk2/8/6Q1/4Q3/8/B7] (solution)

6+1. Last 6 single moves?


27 - Jean Oudot
"Supplément Problèmes", L'échiquier de France, 1957

[4Q3/1p2P3/brp1k1N1/1qp1P3/4P3/1NP1P1P1/1P2P3/R3K2R] (solution)

14+7. Mate in 2


28 - T. Volet
1st Prize Die Schwalbe, 1980

[5KQN/nprqrRBN/p1pppRBb/5ppp/8/7k/4n1b1/8] (solution)

8+16. On which squares did captures occur and in what order?


29 - Valerian Onitiu
1st Prize Die Schwalbe 1934

[7N/1p1p1p1B/7R/6pP/5Ppk/2PP1Pbr/P2P1rPQ/2KR2bN] (solution)

15+10. Wh. retracts one move and mates in 1


30 - N. Petrovic
4th Prize Europe Echecs 1966-68

[4r3/1p2P1n1/4p2B/b1pp1pPb/P5pp/nPP5/Q1pPP1P1/N1k1K2R] (solution)

13+14. (AP) Mate in 2


31 - T. R. Dawson
The Problemist Fairy Suppl., 1933

[5k2/8/4n3/8/3K4/888] (solution)

1+2. Add 1 bl. Bishop and 1 bl. Rook to obtain an Illegal Cluster


32 - Peter Wong
US Problem Bull., May 1988

[4k2r/P1p1p1pp/3pKp2/88/5p2/1P1PP3/8] (solution)

5+9. Wh. retracts one move and mates in 2


33 - W. Dittmann
feenschach, 1979

[rn5b/kp1pp3/b7/88/3p1PP1/p4PP1/4K3] (solution)

5+10. Proca-retractor. Wh. retracts 7 moves and mates in 1


34 - T. Volet
Ded. M. Caillaud & N. Plaksin
1st Prize Rex Multiplex, 1983

[n4K2/b1pprppp/1p2p3/2p5/N1P3P1/BkP1P3/1P2PPP1/3N1BR1] (solution)

14+12. Draw


35 - M. Caillaud
Europe Echecs 316, 04/1985
2nd Prize Europe Echecs 85-86

[rnbqkbnr/1pppP3/Q2B3R/7P/2P1PN1R/2P3K1/B1P1P3/8] (solution)

14+11. Position after Wh. 27th move. Game score?


36 - Niels Høeg
Tidskrift för Schack, 1924

[1K6/4P3/5B1P/8/4k3/88/Q7] (solution)

5+1. Høeg-retractor. Wh. retracts 2 moves and mates in 1


37 - L. Ceriani
Die Schwalbe, 1969

[2b5/pp1pp1p1/8/5pP1/1P6/PrP1PP2/npkPKRP1/Q2nRB2] (solution)

13+12. Release the position !


38 - Luigi Ceriani
La Genesi delle Posizioni, 1961

[3K3N/n1B1PqpP/NPPkrbRB/1pppp1p1/1p5p/8/4P3/8] (solution)

11+13. Release the position


39 - Luigi Ceriani
L'Italia Scacchistica, 1943
"La Donna è mobile? ... Eppur si muove!"
1st Prize Memorial V. de Barbieri

[2b1q1NR/1ppppKbr/5ppp/88/P1P5/RP1P4/1kB5] (solution)

9+12. First move of the black Queen?